Empowering Rwandan women to become business entrepreneurs

In Kelley’s words…

What inspires me: Seeing people live passionate, generous lives (generous in time, attention, attitude, skills and finances).

Best motto: Ring the bells that still can ring, forget your perfect offering, there is a crack in everything, that’s how the light gets in.” (Leonard Cohen, ‘The Anthem’) and “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed citizens can change the world; indeed it is the only thing that ever has.” (Margaret Mead, anthropologist)

As Kelley Chisholm’s four-wheel-drive trundled over dusty pot-holed roads into a remote Rwandan village, she spied a group of women on the roadside. Dirt stained the women’s skin, their clothes hung in rags from their gaunt frames, and they kept their heads bowed, eyes downcast.

Kelley couldn’t shake the image of one woman from her mind. She’d looked at Kelley with such sadness in her eyes that Kelley felt her heart pang with sympathy for the women’s unknown plight.

A little further on Kelley came across another group of women. This group sat in the middle of an open field, donning bright clothes with sparkling eyes. Smiles spread across their faces as they sang and chatted together under a kaleidoscope of umbrellas.

The stark contrast between the two groups of women took Kelley’s breath away. Surely the brightly clad women before her were the ‘rich’ people in an otherwise poor village.

No, the women said, just a year ago they too had donned the dirt, rags and despair of the other women. The difference? They’d completed a six-month self-development program, taken out a tiny loan and used that money to build themselves a new life.

Kelley couldn’t believe one year, some advice and a tiny loan could make such a difference.

 

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The brightly coloured umbrellas of a group of Rwandan women captured Kelley’s attention on her first visit. Photo: Geoff Bartlett Photography

Disbelief

So disbelieving was Kelley that she assumed she’d been presented a one-off – an unusually good example of a self-help program that was empowering women to create their own employment. But after visiting more and more groups who’d completed the program, and conducting her own research, Kelley came to understand the power of helping women to help themselves. So impressed was she that she dedicated a master’s degree to better understanding the impact of this self-help model. In the process of her studies, she came to believe that traditional development models based on welfare alone have it wrong.

Spurred by the life-changing differences this self-help model was making, Kelley dedicated her own life to spreading the approach as far and wide as she could. Today, through her charity, Foxglove Project, she’s working with existing in-country charities to offer this program to literally hundreds of thousands of women in Rwanda and, more recently, in other parts of East Africa, Cambodia and India.

How does it work?

The women Kelley met in that remote Rwandan village had undertaken an African Evangelistic Enterprise Rwanda (AEE Rwanda) entrepreneurial program using the ‘self help group’ approach. The program works by simultaneously starting 10 self help groups in a village to create a financial ecosystem. To join the program, a woman agrees to scrape together 50 Rwandan francs (about 8c in Australia) every week to contribute to the group’s savings. The women then form themselves into groups of 20 and commit to each other for life. Each self help group gives itself a name and identity before meeting weekly for six months of facilitated workshops on topics such as communication skills, savings and loans, literacy, conflict resolution, women’s rights and domestic violence.

By the end of the program the women can take a loan from the group to start a small business. They agree to repay the loan with little or no interest. Two women from each group of 20 are then selected to be part of a village cluster – a group which leads and supports the 10 self help groups formed in the village. At this time, AEE Rwanda moves to a new village allowing the program to keep expanding.

Kelley says the key to the program is that is doesn’t gift funds – which can create welfare dependency – but instead equips and encourages women to make changes to their own lives. And when women are empowered, says Kelley, they have shown they can do anything.

When women are empowered, says Kelley, they have shown they can do anything.

A world of difference

“Women are extraordinary when they realise what we already know about them – that they have the power to make change,” Kelley says. “When they’re given the tools to do so, they rise to new levels.”

She cites the case of one woman among the brightly dressed ladies in the field. This woman had lived on the outskirts of town as an alcoholic. Her children survived on one meal a day and didn’t attend school.

When she heard of the self-help program the woman was scared. She’d never raise the money to take part, she told herself. But another woman took her aside and convinced her to spend an extra day of toil in the fields to raise the 50 francs to begin. “I did that and started and it completely changed my mindset,” the woman told Kelley. “It changed who I was. After six months, I took out a loan for 2000 Rwandan francs (about $3AUD) – I’d never had that much money. But I was brave. I bought some bulbs and planted spring onions. I then sold them and paid back the loan and had 1000 francs left over. That was the day I knew I was going to become a business woman.”

Today, three years later, the same woman earns $50US a week. She bought tomatoes, then a chicken, then a goat and a cow. Next she bought a motorbike to offer transport. Her kids now go to school and eat three meals a day.

Later another woman came forward to tell Kelley her story. On the day they met, this woman donned the brightest yellow dress and shoes Kelley had ever seen. She too had been an alcoholic. She’d lived high in the mountains, an hour’s walk from the nearest village. “I was so deeply ashamed of myself,” the woman told Kelley. “I had five children, none were at school and we lived with the animals. They asked me to join the self-help group and I said ‘are you mocking me? Don’t talk to me about savings and loans. I can’t raise the money.’ But they said the people doing the program were just like me.”

Eventually convinced to find out more, the woman somehow raised the required money, completed the program and took out a small loan. She bought chickens, then goats and the upward spiral began. Today all five of her children go to school. She has private health care for her family. They have built a new home. And, the part that really makes her eyes shine, she’s been able to buy new clothes. “Look at this dress,” she said to Kelley. “And these shoes.”

A self help group meeting. Photo: Geoff Bartlett Photography

Women’s wisdom

So impressed was Kelley with the results she’d seen in Rwanda that she’s fundraised to bring the program to other parts of East Africa and, more recently, to India. In India she supports the program Birds Nest, which introduces the self-help model to the pavement dwellers of Chennai. Most of these people have lived on the streets for decades. Some 70 percent have lived on the pavement for more than 30 years, perhaps with a piece of tin or tarpaulin erected at night to keep off the rain. They raise their families here, begging by day or selling petit wares where possible, to raise money to feed themselves and their children.

Kelley is also partnering with charities in Cambodia on the Focus Cambodia project, which helps improve access to education for teenage girls living in Kompot, a rural province in southern Cambodia. It helps the schools attract and keep girls in school by partnering with the school and local community to provide access to clean water and sanitation. It is these factors, along with lack of support from families for girls’ education, that forces many young women out of school and into garment factories. As Foxglove partners with the local community, with a strong emphasis on mothers and village elders, many families and leaders are beginning to believe in the capacity of women and girls.

“If we can help the women to understand the importance of education, we can help children, we can help families, we can help whole communities,” Kelley says. “Women have wisdom in their hearts. Women are the ones who can make a real difference.”

Kelley and newly empowered business women in India. Photo: Geoff Bartlett Photography

Get involved…

A message from Kelley: When you hear these stories and needs, you may feel overwhelmed at the limited difference you feel you can make. But Foxglove is not one person or a limited group of people. We are asking you to join us. We love a saying we heard from Simon Sinek: “If you have the opportunity to do amazing things in your life, I strongly encourage you to invite someone to join you.” Please consider yourself invited.

Find out more about Floxglove Project and support its life-changing efforts by visiting the website www.foxgloveproject.com or Facebook page.

2 Comments

  1. Really lovely article but mostly inspiring to get involved when possible.

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